Finite element analysis of multi-particle impact on erosion in abrasive water jet machining of titanium alloy

Naresh Kumar, M. Shukla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


Abrasive water jets (AWJs) are finding growing applications for machining a wide range of difficult-to-machine materials such as titanium alloys, stainless steel, metal matrix and fibre reinforced composites, etc. Current applications of AWJs include machining of Titanium alloys for aircraft components and bio-medical implants to removal of aircraft engine coatings. This paper presents the application of an elasto-plastic model based explicit finite element analysis (FEA) to model the erosion behaviour in abrasive water jet machining (AWJM). The novelty of this work includes FE modelling of the effect of multiple (twenty) particle impact on erosion of Grade 5 Titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V). The influence of abrasive particle impact angle and velocity on the crater sphericity and depth, and erosion rate has been investigated. The FE model has been validated for stainless steel and yields largely improved results. Further, the same FEA approach has been extended to model the multi-particle impact erosion behaviour of Titanium alloy. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4600-4610
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Computational and Applied Mathematics
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

cited By 23


  • Abrasive particles
  • Abrasive water jet
  • Abrasive water jet machining
  • Aircraft components
  • Bio-medical
  • Crater sphericity
  • Elasto-plastic models
  • Erosion rates
  • Explicit finite element analysis
  • FE model
  • FE-modelling
  • Fibre reinforced composites
  • Impact
  • Impact erosion
  • Metal matrices
  • Particle impact
  • Ti-6al-4v, Abrasives
  • Aircraft engines
  • Aircraft materials
  • Erosion
  • Finite element method
  • Jets
  • Machine components
  • Stripping (removal)
  • Titanium alloys, Abrasive coatings


Dive into the research topics of 'Finite element analysis of multi-particle impact on erosion in abrasive water jet machining of titanium alloy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this