First Radiocarbon Chronology for the Early Iron Age Sites of Central Kazakhstan (Tasmola Culture and Korgantas Period)

Arman Z. Beisenov, Svetlana V. Svyatko, AIbar E. Kasenalin, Kairat А. Zhambulatov, Daniyar Duisenbai, Paula J. Reimer

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Abstract

We present the first radiocarbon dates of Early Iron Age sites of Central Kazakhstan (in total, 24 dates for 16 recently excavated sites). Archaeologically, the sites have been attributed to the Tasmola Culture of the Saka period and later Korgantas phase of the early Hun period. The new AMS 14C dates suggest that the majority of analysed Tasmola sites belong to the beginning of the 8th – 5th c. cal BC, while Korgantas dates to the 4th – 2nd c. cal BC. This corresponds with the latest archaeological data for the region however it is somewhat contrary to the traditional perception of the chronology of Scythian period in Central Kazakhstan. The new dates suggest the beginning of the Early Scythian period in the region in at least the late 9th or 8th c. BC rather than 7th c. BC according to the traditional approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-191
Number of pages13
JournalRadiocarbon
Volume58
Issue number1
Early online date19 Jan 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Tasmola Culture
  • Korgantas period
  • Central Kazakhstan
  • Early Iron Age

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