Fluidised bed characterisation using Raman spectroscopy: Applications to pharmaceutical processing

Gavin Walker, Steven Bell, M. Vann, David Jones, Gavin Andrews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates a model system for potential pharmaceutical materials in fluidised bed processes. In particular, this study proposes a novel use of Raman spectroscopy, which allows in situ measurement of the composition of the material within the fluidised bed in three spatial dimensions and as a function of time. This is achieved by recording Raman spectra from specific volumes of space. The work shows that Raman spectroscopy can be used to provide 3D maps of the concentration and chemical structure of the particles in a fluidised bed within a relatively short (120 s) time window. At the most basic level the technique measures particle density via the intensity of the Raman spectra, however this could be used. More importantly the data are also rich in spectroscopic information on the chemical structure of the fluidised particles which is useful either for monitoring a given granulation process or more generally for the analysis of the dynamics of the airflow if the data were incorporated into an appropriate model. The technique has the potential to give detailed in situ information on how the structure and composition of the granules/powders within the fluidised bed (dryer or granulator) vary with the position and evolve with time. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3832-3838
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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