Fluoride removal using nanofiltration-ranged polyamide thin-film nanocomposite membrane incorporated titanium oxide nanosheets

Fekri Abdulraqeb Ahmed Ali, Javed Alam*, Saif M. H. Qaid, Arun Kumar Shukla, Ahmed S. Al-Fatesh, Ahmad M. Alghamdi, Farid Fadhillah, Ahmed I. Osman*, Mansour Alhoshan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Drinking water defluoridation has attracted significant attention in the scientific community, from which membrane technology, by exploring thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes, has demonstrated a great potential for treating fluoride-contaminated water. This study investigates the development of a TFN membrane by integrating titanium oxide nanosheets (TiO2 NSs) into the polyamide (PA) layer using interfacial polymerization. The characterization results suggest that successfully incorporating TiO2 NSs into the PA layer of the TFN membrane led to a surface with a high negative charge, hydrophilic properties, and a smooth surface at the nanoscale. The TFN membrane, containing 80 ppm of TiO2 NSs, demonstrated a notably high fluoride rejection rate of 98%. The Donnan-steric-pore-model-dielectric-exclusion model was employed to analyze the effect of embedding TiO2 NSs into the PA layer of TFN on membrane properties, including charge density (Xd), the pore radius (rp), and pore dielectric constant (εp). The results indicated that embedding TiO2 NSs increased Xd and decreased the εp by less than the TFC membrane without significantly affecting the rp. The resulting TFN membrane demonstrates promising potential for application in water treatment systems, providing an effective and sustainable solution for fluoride remediation in drinking water.

Original languageEnglish
Article number731
Number of pages19
JournalNanomaterials
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2024

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