Form Follows Media: What is The Matrix as Film, Animation, Game and Comics?

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


    In the digital age, the hyperspace of virtual reality systems stands out as a new spatial notion creating a parallel world to the space we live in. In this alternative realm, the body transforms into a hyperbody, and begins to follow the white rabbit. Not only in real world but also in the Matrix world. The Matrix project of Andy and Larry Wachowski started with a feature film released in 1999. However, The Matrix is not only a film (trilogy). It is a concept, a universe that brings real space and hyperspace together. It is a world represented not only in science fiction films but also in The Animatrix that includes nine animated Matrix films directed by Peter Chung, Andy Jones, Yoshiaki Kawajiri and others, four of which are written by the Wachowskis. The same universe is used in Enter the Matrix, a digital game whose script was written and directed by the brothers and a comic book, The Matrix Comics, which includes twelve different stories by artists like Neil Gaiman and Goef Darrow. The Wachowskis played an active role in the creation and realization of all these “products” of different media. The comic book came last (November 2003), however it is possible to argue that everything came out of comics – the storyboards of the original film. After all the Wachowskis have a background in comics.

    In this study, I will focus on the formal analysis of the science fiction world of The Matrix - as a representation of hyperspace - in different media, feature film, animated film, digital game and comic book, focusing on diverse forms of space that come into being as a result of medium differences. To unfold the different formal characters of film, animation, game and comics, concepts and features including framing, flattening, continuity, movement, montage, sound/text, light and color will be discussed. An analysis of these products will help to open up a discussion on the relation of form, media and representation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDesign and Cinema:
    Subtitle of host publicationForm Follows Film
    EditorsB. Uluoglu, A. Ensici, A. Vatansever
    PublisherCambridge Scholars Press
    Number of pages14
    ISBN (Print)1-84718-003-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

    Bibliographical note



    • media
    • form
    • representation
    • animation
    • game
    • comics
    • storyboard

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Form Follows Media: What is The Matrix as Film, Animation, Game and Comics?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this