Forward to the Past? Loyalist Paramilitarianism in Northern Ireland since 1994

R. Mionaghan, Peter Shirlow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This article considers in detail loyalist paramilitary activity in Northern Ireland since the paramilitary cease-fires of 1994. The continuing nature of contemporary loyalist violence is documented with reference to sectarian attacks against members of the “Other”/Catholic community and associated symbols of that community, violence directed at other loyalists, and the potential for future violence given constitutional uncertainty regarding Northern Ireland's position within the United Kingdom. The article also challenges assumptions within the broader literature of an inability within loyalist paramilitary groups to move beyond violence in the post-cease-fire period with particular reference to their conflict transformation efforts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)649-665
Number of pages17
JournalStudies in Conflict and Terrorism
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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