Foveal relocation (or translocation) has been reintroduced recently as a possible treatment for patients with subfoveal choroidal neovascular membranes secondary to age-related macular degeneration and degenerative myopia. Different surgical techniques have been proposed and the results, although encouraging, are not completely satisfactory yet. Most surgical procedures described are technically difficult and require special vitreo-retinal expertise. Furthermore, although marked improvements in visual acuity have been observed in some patients, others do not experience visual improvement, even after a successful surgery. Additionally, devastating complications, such as proliferative vitreo-retinopathy (PVR) can occur, impairing the final visual outcome. Although foveal relocation surgery may be a promising direction in research and development, as yet, there is no randomised controlled trial to show that it is more effective than any other forms of treatment for macular degeneration. The validity of this surgical approach needs to be evaluated by the results of longer-term follow-up. This article reviews the current surgical techniques for foveal relocation, their outcomes and complications, and discusses the surgical problems that vitreo-retinal surgeons face when performing foveal relocation surgery.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||CME Journal Ophthalmology|
|Publication status||Published - 01 Jan 2000|