Fractional calculus in pharmacokinetics

Pantelis Sopasakis, Haralambos Sarimveis, Panos Macheras, Aristeidis Dokoumetzidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)
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We are witnessing the birth of a new variety of pharmacokinetics where non-integer-order differential equations are employed to study the time course of drugs in the body: this is dubbed “fractional pharmacokinetics”. The presence of fractional kinetics has important clinical implications such as the lack of a half-life, observed, for example with the drug amiodarone and the associated irregular accumulation patterns following constant and multiple-dose administration. Building models that accurately reflect this behaviour is essential for the design of less toxic and more effective drug administration protocols and devices. This article introduces the readers to the theory of fractional pharmacokinetics and the research challenges that arise. After a short introduction to the concepts of fractional calculus, and the main applications that have appeared in literature up to date, we address two important aspects. First, numerical methods that allow us to simulate fractional order systems accurately and second, optimal control methodologies that can be used to design dosing regimens to individuals and populations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-125
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
Issue number1
Early online date03 Oct 2017
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes


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