Frequency-diversity is a computational imaging technique that can offer all-electronic imaging systems by leveraging spatio-temporally incoherent radiation patterns as an enabling technology. This approach exhibits a significant contrast to conventional imaging modalities, such as synthetic aperture radars (SAR) and phased arrays in that the raster scanning requirement of a scene to be imaged (mechanical or electronic) can be broken and replaced by a quasi-random interrogation of the scene. This aspect of frequency-diverse computational imaging systems significantly simplifies the physical hardware requirements of conventional radars. Despite this advantage, the application of the frequency-diversity technique has been mostly limited to static imaging scenarios, where the position of the scene to be imaged remains fixed over the data acquisition cycle. This limitation hinders the frequency-diverse computational radars from being deployed for applications where the scene dynamics may vary over the data acquisition cycle, such as in automotive radars. In this paper, we demonstrate that by modifying the sensing matrix to account for the movement of the radar platform, frequency-diverse computational imaging radars can be successfully used in debris detection on roads. We show that operating within the frequency band of 77-81 GHz, the presented dynamic frequency-diverse radar technique can produce high fidelity point spread function (PSF) patterns eliminating the distortions caused by the motion of the radar. We also prove that the PSF patterns of the radar are in excellent agreement with theoretical diffraction limited resolution limits.
- Automotive radar
- millimeter wave radar