Frequency Selective Superstrate Absorber for Wideband RCS Reduction of Metal Backed Antennas

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Abstract

The use of a resistively loaded frequency selective surface (FSS) superstrate is reported as a means to reduce the radar cross‐section (RCS) of metal‐backed antennas. The design methodology is demonstrated by creating a low‐profile absorber which exhibits a transmission window covering the working frequency band (10–10.2 GHz) of a 4 × 4 microstrip patch array. Placing the structure λ/2 above the radiating aperture is shown to reduce the antenna gain by less than 2 dB and have minimal impact on the shape of the beams which are directed at 0° and tilt angles of 22.5° and 45°. Moreover 90% radar backscatter suppression is achieved over 92% of the frequency range 8.85–24 GHz. The perforated metal‐backed FSS superstrate was inkjet printed on a 140 μm thick polyethylene terephthalate (PET) sheet and the conductivity of the silver plating adjusted to achieve the required 40 Ω/sq surface resistance. The experimental results obtained for the standalone microwave absorber, and when integrated with the antenna, are shown to be in close agreement with the computed reflectivity and far field patterns.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-450
Number of pages10
JournalIET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation
Volume15
Issue number4
Early online date05 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2021

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