We describe perfluoropolyether (PFPE) surfactants which are capable of stabilising the water/CO2 interface and present FTIR spectroscopic evidence for the formation of water in supercritical carbon dioxide microemulsions. A wide variety of single chain surfactants of differing chain lengths but similar structure has been screened and the effect of the surfactant chain length on the water uptake was studied. The ammonium carboxylate of the PFPE surfactant Krytox FSL(TM) with an average molecular weight of 2500 g mol(-1) was demonstrated to be the surfactant capable of dissolving the most water out of all the tested surfactants and hence to have the optimum chain length. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Colloids and Surfaces a-Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Mar 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry