Fulfilling the 3Rs: Galleria mellonella as an In Vivo Model to Assess the Antimicrobial Efficacy of Self-assembling Peptide Hydrogels

Alice McCloskey, Merissa Lee, Jack McCallion, Karl Gartland, Brendan Gilmore, Garry Laverty

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

The concept of ‘The Three Rs’ (The 3Rs: reduction, refinement and replacement) is an important consideration in the development of alternatives to animal testing in medical research. Invertebrate models such as Galleria mellonella are advantageous both economically and ethically.1 Galleria have proven to be effective alternatives to assess the antimicrobial activity of novel therapeutics.2
In this study Galleria mellonella are validated and used as an in vivo infection model to determine the antimicrobial activity of a novel self-assembling antimicrobial peptide NapFFKK.3 The peptide was considered as being non-toxic to the Galleria with 100% survival 120 hours post inoculation with NapFFKK. Following inoculation with Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1, Escherichia coli ATCC 11303, Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 35984 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538, the highest concentration allowing survival was selected and used as the test inoculum. Haemolymph was extracted from inoculated and peptide treated Galleria at either 24 or 72 hours post-treatment. Reduction in bacterial load was determined in comparison to a positive control. Bacterial load was decreased in all treated Galleria with decreasing antimicrobial activity demonstrated with a decreased concentration of peptide (2- log cycle reduction achieved in Escherichia coli inoculated Galleria treated with 2% NapFFKK). The results are promising regarding the use of Galleria mellonella as an infection model and NapFFKK as an effective novel antimicrobial.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 07 Sep 2015
EventIMAP 2015: 5th International Meeting on Antimicrobial Peptides - Royal Society of Chemistry, London , United Kingdom
Duration: 07 Sep 201508 Sep 2015

Conference

ConferenceIMAP 2015: 5th International Meeting on Antimicrobial Peptides
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period07/09/201508/09/2015

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    McCloskey, A., Lee, M., McCallion, J., Gartland, K., Gilmore, B., & Laverty, G. (2015). Fulfilling the 3Rs: Galleria mellonella as an In Vivo Model to Assess the Antimicrobial Efficacy of Self-assembling Peptide Hydrogels. Poster session presented at IMAP 2015: 5th International Meeting on Antimicrobial Peptides, London , United Kingdom. http://peptideconferences.org/imap-2015