Gas permeation properties of ethylene vinyl acetate-silica nanocomposite membranes

Morteza Sadeghi, Ghader Khanbabaei*, Amir H.Saeedi Dehaghani, Mohammad Sadeghi, Mohammad A. Aravand, Mohammad Akbarzade, Somaieh Khatti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of silica nanoparticles on the gas separation properties of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer containing 28% vinyl acetate has been investigated. The EVA and hybrid EVA-silica membranes were prepared via thermal phase inversion method. Silica nanoparticles prepared by hydrolysis of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), through the sol-gel mechanism. The prepared membranes were characterized using FT-IR, SEM, DSC and XRD methods. FT-IR and SEM results indicated the nanoscale dispersion of silica particles in polymer matrix. As confirmed by XRD and DSC analyses, increasing the silica content enhances the amorphous regions significantly. Gas permeation of EVA-silica nanocomposite membranes with silica contents of 5, 6 and 10 wt.% was studied for N2, O2, CO2 and CH4 single gases at pressures of 4, 6 and 8 bar. The obtained results suggest a significant increase in permeability of all gases and an increase in CO2/N2 and CO2/CH4 gases selectivities upon increasing the silica content. The possible reasons for such behavior were stated and discussed. The pressure dependence of the gas permeabilities of the membranes was also investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-428
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume322
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)
  • Gas permeation
  • Membrane
  • Silica

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gas permeation properties of ethylene vinyl acetate-silica nanocomposite membranes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Sadeghi, M., Khanbabaei, G., Dehaghani, A. H. S., Sadeghi, M., Aravand, M. A., Akbarzade, M., & Khatti, S. (2008). Gas permeation properties of ethylene vinyl acetate-silica nanocomposite membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 322(2), 423-428. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2008.05.077