Gaussian Process Multi-Class Classification for Transformer Fault Diagnosis using Dissolved Gas Analysis

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Dissolved gas analysis (DGA) is widely used for oil-immersed power transformers as a conventional fault diagnosis tool. However, interpretation criteria from DGA assessment often depends on empirical discrimination from a specialist, which can render unreliable or ambiguous diagnoses. Intelligent fault classification algorithms can be implemented to conquer uncertainty in conventional methods, and which require feature learning of transformer condition information data rather than expert experience. In this paper, a Gaussian process multi-classification (GPMC) method is proposed, which uses multiclass recognition with a Gaussian process (GP) and renders an output with a probabilistic interpretation rather than a deterministic guess. The method is investigated using large-scale DGA field datasets to improve diagnostic accuracy and presents reliable incipient fault diagnosis ability. A kernel-based learning algorithm and versatile artificial intelligence (AI) methods, (support vector machine (SVM), artificial neural network (ANN), K-nearest neighbors (KNN), decision tree and logistic regression (LR)) have been used to obtain comparative classification accuracy in comparison to the proposed method. Additional comparison is demonstrated between conventional DGA and AI methods. The effectiveness and robustness of the proposed GPMC method are confirmed by experimental accuracy >95%, which illustrates that the proposed method is able to provide superior and reliable diagnoses for operational transformer faults.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1703 - 1712
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 13 Nov 2021


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