Genetic analysis of coronary artery disease single nucleotide polymorphisms in diabetic nephropathy

Amy Jayne McKnight, Alexander Maxwell, Damian Fogarty, D. Sadlier, David Savage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background. Diabetic nephropathy is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Premature mortality is common in patients with nephropathy, largely due to cardiovascular disease. Genetic variants implicated in macrovascular disease are therefore excellent candidates to assess for association with diabetic nephropathy. Recent genome-wide association studies have identified a total of 15 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are reproducibly associated with cardiovascular disease.

Methods. We initially assessed these SNPs for association in UK type 1 diabetic patients with (cases; n = 597) and without (controls; n = 502) nephropathy using iPLEXTM and TaqMan® assays. Replication studies were performed with DNA genotyped in a total of 2668 individuals from the British Isles.

Results. One SNP (rs4420638) on chromosome 19q13 was found to be significantly associated with diabetic nephropathy before (P = 0.0002) and after correction for multiple testing (Pcorrected = 0.002). We replicated this finding in a phenotypically similar case–control collection comprising 709 individuals with type 1 diabetes (P = 0.002; combined P < 0.00001; OR = 1.54, 95% CI: 1.29–1.84).

Conclusions. Our case–control data suggest that rs4420638, or a functional SNP in linkage disequilibrium with this SNP, may be associated with diabetic nephropathy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2473-2476
Number of pages4
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Volume24
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

Bibliographical note

Unrecognised author: 'The Warren 3/UK GoKinD Study Group'

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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