Geographical Influences on Long-Run Development

Michael Bleaney, Arcangelo Dimico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


We show that geographical factors influence long-run per capita income directly, as well as indirectly, through the quality of institutions. The direct influence of geography on per capita incomes is robust to the inclusion of a sub-Saharan Africa dummy and other tests. We obtain our results by replacing the usual instrument (settlers’ mortality (SM)) by stronger instruments for institutional quality (latitude, the share of the country in the temperate climatic zone). We also provide evidence that SM suffers from endogeneity with respect to institutional quality for early colonies, because of its dependence on nineteenth-century mortality data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-656
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of African Economies
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Development


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