Global Development Governance 2.0: fractured accountabilities in a divided governance complex

Sebastian Haug, Jack Taggart

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The proliferation of state and non-state actors, along with increasing institutional complexity, has led to a qualitative shift in Global Development Governance (GDG) towards what we term ‘GDG 2.0’. Realising accountability in this context presents challenges due to growing actor diversity and institutional plurality, and a lack of formalised accountability structures. Building on the introduction to this special section, we explore the potential of "forward-looking" approaches to accountability, notably collective deliberation, learning, and competition. Despite the importance of these mechanisms for GDG processes, conceptualising them as accountability tools may have limited gains and indeed reinforce the preferences of established actors, dilute useful monitoring approaches, and divert attention from longstanding agendas. We argue that prioritizing enabling environments for more circumscribed "backward-looking" accountability – with a focus on standard-setting and monitoring – may be more feasible and effective towards holding decision-makers to account within the GDG 2.0 context.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalGlobal Policy
Early online date21 Sept 2023
Publication statusEarly online date - 21 Sept 2023


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