Granular fertilizer drying and agglomeration in storage

Gavin Walker, T.R.A. Magee, C.R. Holland, Mohamad Ahmad, J.N. Fox, A.G. Kells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


In the manufacture of granular NPK fertilizer the product is cooled before packaging and storage in moisture-proof bags. It has been shown that the temperature of the fertilizer prior to packing is significant in that at high temperatures, drying of the granules takes place in the bag which causes an increase in the humidity of the air surrounding the granules and thus an increase in moisture content at the granule - granule interface. This surface moisture was shown to increase the likelihood of agglomeration in the fertilizer by a capillary adhesion/unconfined yield stress model. An iterative model was set up to establish conditions that would prevent drying occurring, which takes into account fertilizer drying rate, fertilizer cooling rate cooling rate and the effect of coating oils on the drying mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-502
Number of pages10
JournalDrying Technology
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)


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