Grape-seed procyanidins (GSPE) modulate glucose homeostasis and it was suggested that GSPE may achieve this by enhancing the secretion of incretin hormones such as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). Therefore, the aim of the present study is to examine in detail the effects of GSPE on intestinal endocrine cells (STC-1). GSPE was found to modulate plasma membrane potential in enteroendocrine cells, inducing depolarization at low concentrations (0.05 mg/L) and hyperpolarization at high concentrations (50 mg/L), and surprisingly this was also accompanied by suppressed GLP-1 secretion. Furthermore, how GSPE affects STC-1 cells under nutrient-stimulated conditions (i.e. glucose, linoleic acid and L-proline) was also explored, and we found that the higher GSPE concentration was effective in limiting membrane depolarization and reducing GLP-1 secretion. Next, it was also examined whether GSPE affected mitochondrial membrane potential, finding that this too is altered by GSPE, however this does not appear to explain the observed effects on plasma membrane potential and GLP-1 secretion. In conclusion, our results show that grape-seed procyanidins modulate cellular membrane potential and nutrient-induced enteroendocrine hormone secretion in STC-1 cells.
González-Abuín, N., Martínez-Micaelo, N., Blay, M., Green, B. D., Pinent, M., & Ardévol, A. (2013). Grape-seed procyanidins modulate cellular membrane potential and nutrient-induced GLP-1 secretion in STC-1 cells. American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, 306(5), C485-C492. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpcell.00355.2013