Many drinking water reservoirs can contain organic pollutants such as artificial synthesized dye and drugs. On the other hand, some natural features sich as cyanobacteria, which are capable of producing toxic secondary metabolites (cyanotoxins) causing detrimental health effects in humans and animals. Photocatalytic destruction of organic pollutants in-reservoir requires not only good photo-catalytically activity but also their efficacy of distribution and recycling. We report here, a facile calcination method of coating graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) onto porous glass beads. Influences of precursor and heating temperature on photocatalytic activity were evaluated by photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange. The yellow floating beads show comparable activity to P25 (TiO2) coated beads in the removal of two of the most frequently occurring cyanobacterial toxins, microcystin-LR and cylindrospermopsin, in artificial freshwater under UV light irradiation. Microcystin-LR was destroyed within 60 minutes and cylindrospermopsin was removed after 100 minutes UV irradiation. The coated g-C3N4 layer is very robust and shows negligible degradation on photocatalytic performance when recycled. The recycling of the photocatalyst is very simple because of its large size. A large batch was successfully produced in a lab tube furnace. For further application, the ability of g-C3N4 absorbing visible light could pave the way to utilise sunlight for the destruction of toxins in the water.
|Journal||Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry|
|Early online date||28 Sep 2020|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jan 2021|