Green Party Factionalism. The Case of the Federation of Ecologists Alternatives, Greece

John Karamichas, I. Botetzagias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


To date, the Federation of Ecologists Alternatives (FEA) is the only Greek green party to have achieved representation in Parliament. Based on written accounts of the period and in-depth interviews with the main protagonists, this article offers a theoretical explanation of FEA's short-lived trajectory (1989-92), describing it as a case of 'primordial factionalism': a case of intraparty factionalism stemming from externally imposed stresses rather than any internal debate about ideological purity (the classical Realo/Fundi conflict). The article maintains that in such cases, it is highly probable for an emerging green party to disintegrate during its formative period, thus adding a new perspective to classical green party factionalism theories.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-93
Number of pages29
JournalSouth European Society & Politics
Volume8 (3)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003

Bibliographical note

• Botetzagias, I. (2003), ‘The Federation of Ecologists Alternatives: The Greek Green experiment, Greek Review of Political Science, 22, pp. 69-105.
• I. Botetzagias and M. Boudourides (2004), ‘Environmental Organisations in Greece’, in Science, Technology and Governance in Europe (STAGE), Discussion Paper 8, June.
• S. Alexandropoulos, N. Serdedakis and I. Botetzagias (2007), ‘The Greek environmental movement: from the status nascendi of a movement to its integration, Greek Political Science Review, 30, pp. 5-31.
• M. Kousis (2007), ‘Local environmental protest in Greece, 1974-94: exploring the political dimension’, Environmental Politics, 16/5, pp. 785-804.
• K. Bimba (2009), Activities of Environmental Non-Governmental Organisations. The Case of WWF Hellas and Greenpeace. Positive Interventions and Differentiations. (Athens: Harokopio University, Department of Home Economics and Ecology).
• K. Gemenis (2009), ‘A Green comeback in Greece? The Ecologist Greens in the 2007 parliamentary election’, Environmental Politics, 18/1, pp. 128-134.
• I. Botetzagias, (2011), ‘Green politics in Greece at the time of fiscal crisis’ in L. Leonard and I. Botetzagias (Eds.) Sustainable Politics and the Crisis of the Peripheries: Ireland and Greece, Emerald, pp. 161-179.
• O. Karassin (2011), ‘The Battle of the “True Believers”: Environmentalism in Israeli Party Politics’, The Open University of Israel: Research Institute for Policy, Political Economy and Society, Working Paper Series – no. 13.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development


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