Indirect immunocytochemistry, in conjunction with confocal scanning laser microscopy and electron-microscopic immunogold labeling, has been used to localize neuropeptide and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) immunereactivities (IRs) in the plerocercoid (scolex and surrounding blastocyst) of the trypanorhynch tapeworm, Grillotia erinaceus. Antisera directed to two native cestode neuropeptides, neuropeptide F and the FMRFamide-related peptide, GNFFRFamide, were used to demonstrate the presence of a well-developed and extensive peptide-immunoreactive nervous system of central and peripheral elements in the juvenile scolex. Neuronal connectivity exists between the scolex and the surrounding blastocyst, in which there is a rich innervation of varicose fibers displaying peptide IR. Ultrastructurally, gold labeling of the peptide IR was found exclusively over the contents of dense secretory vesicles in the axons and somatic cytoplasm of neurons. Double-labeling experiments demonstrated an apparent colocalization of peptide IR, although the results of antigen preadsorption procedures indicated substantial cross-reactivity of the two antisera. A separate and well-differentiated 5-HT-immunoreactive nervous system, with a similar anatomical arrangement as the peptide-immunoreactive nervous system, is present in both the scolex and blastocyst (C) 1994 Academic Press, Inc.
|Number of pages||14|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|