Ground granulated blast-furnace slag

Winnie Matthes*, Anya Vollpracht, Yury Villagrán, Siham Kamali-Bernard, Doug Hooton, Elke Gruyaert, Marios Soutsos, Nele De Belie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

37 Citations (Scopus)


Since the discovery of the latent hydraulic reactivity of ground granulated blast-furnace slag (ggbfs) by Emil Langen at the end of the 19th century, this material has been used successfully as cement and concrete addition. This chapter includes all relevant information about this valuable material—from production and processing to the effect, which ggbfs additions have on the concrete performance. In this context, light is shed on decisive performance parameters of ggbfs. Of special interest nowadays is certainly also the information given about trace element contents in ggbfs and their leachability. Here and throughout the entire chapter, the latest insights from research and development work are included. Last but not least, the chapter contains very practical information when it comes to the use of ggbfs in concrete, including insights on rheological effects, concrete color and “greening”, and adequate curing. Moreover, an overview about relevant norms and standards on ggbfs as concrete addition is given.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProperties of Fresh and Hardened Concrete Containing Supplementary Cementitious Materials: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 238-SCM, Working Group 4
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Number of pages53
ISBN (Electronic)9783319706061
ISBN (Print)9783319706054
Publication statusPublished - 09 Dec 2017

Publication series

NameRILEM State-of-the-Art Reports
ISSN (Print)2213-204X
ISSN (Electronic)2213-2031

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© RILEM 2018.


  • Carbonation
  • Chloride ingress
  • Concrete
  • Ggbfs
  • Granulated blast-furnace slag
  • Permeability
  • Slag cement
  • Strength
  • Workability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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