# Growing evidence that SNe Iax are not a one-parameter family: the case of PS1-12bwh

M. R. Magee, R. Kotak, S. A. Sim, D. Wright, S. J. Smartt, E. Berger, R. Chornock, R. J. Foley, A. Howell, N. Kaiser, E. A. Magnier, R. Wainscot, C. Waters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

## Abstract

In this study, we present observations of a type Iax supernova, PS1-12bwh, discovered during the Pan-STARRS1 3$\pi$-survey. Our analysis was driven by previously unseen pre-maximum, spectroscopic heterogeneity. While the light curve and post-maximum spectra of PS1-12bwh are virtually identical to those of the well-studied type Iax supernova, SN 2005hk, the $-$2 day spectrum of PS1-12bwh does not resemble SN 2005hk at a comparable epoch; instead, we found it to match a spectrum of SN 2005hk taken over a week earlier ($-$12 day). We are able to rule out the cause as being incorrect phasing, and argue that it is not consistent with orientation effects predicted by existing explosion simulations. To investigate the potential source of this difference, we performed radiative transfer modelling of both supernovae. We found that the pre-maximum spectrum of PS1-12bwh is well matched by a synthetic spectrum generated from a model with a lower density in the high velocity ($\gtrsim$6000 km~s$^{-1}$) ejecta than SN 2005hk. The observed differences between SN 2005hk and PS1-12bwh may therefore be attributed primarily to differences in the high velocity ejecta alone, while comparable densities for the lower velocity ejecta would explain the nearly identical post-maximum spectra. These two supernovae further highlight the diversity within the SNe Iax class, as well as the challenges in spectroscopically identifying and phasing these objects, especially at early epochs.
Original language English A62 Astronomy and Astrophysics 601 03 May 2017 https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201629643 Published - May 2017

## Keywords

• Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
• Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

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• ### Unravelling the nature of hydrogen-poor thermonuclear supernovae

Author: Magee, M., Jul 2019

Supervisor: Smartt, S. (Supervisor) & Sim, S. (Supervisor)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

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