H+/2e- stoichiometry of the NADH : ubiquinone reductase reaction catalyzed by submitochondrial particles

Alexander Galkin, V.G. Grivennikova, A.D. Vinogradov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nitochondrial NADH:ubiquinone-reductase (Complex I) catalyzes proton translocation into inside-out submitochondrial particles. Here we describe a method for determining the stoichiometric ratio (H) over right arrow (+)/2e(-) (n) for the coupled reaction of NADH oxidation by the quinone accepters. Comparison of the initial rates of NADH oxidation and alkalinization of the surrounding medium after addition of small amounts of NADH to coupled particles in the presence of Q(1) gives the value of n = 4. Thermally induced deactivation of Complex I [1, 2] results in complete inhibition of the NADH oxidase reaction but only partial inhibition of the NADH:Q(1)-reductase reaction. N-Ethylmaleimide (NEM) prevents reactivation and thus completely blocks the thermally deactivated enzyme. The residual NADH:Q(1)-reductase activity of the deactivated, NEM-treated enzyme is shown to be coupled with the transmembraneous proton translocation (n = 4). Thus, thermally induced deactivation of Complex 1 as well as specific inhibitors of the endogenous ubiquinone reduction (rotenone, piericidin A) do not inhibit the proton translocating activity of the enzyme.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-443
Number of pages9
JournalBIOCHEMISTRY-MOSCOW
Volume66
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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