This paper presents a detailed description of an Automated Demand Response system that can provide active distribution-level voltage control, and sub-second system-wide frequency response services. The system is validated using a hardware-in-the-loop demonstrator including synchronous machines, real and simulated Internet Protocol communications, cloud-based computing, inexpensive measurement hardware, and state-of-the-art secure IoT protocols. It is shown that a real-time, model-informed, demand-response system utilising wide-area Phasor measurement unit (PMU) data is cost effective and feasible.
|Journal||IET Smart Grid|
|Publication status||Accepted - 19 Oct 2020|