This paper presents a detailed description of an Automated Demand Response system that can provide active distribution-level voltage control, and sub-second system-wide frequency response services. The system is validated using a hardware-in-the-loop demonstrator including synchronous machines, real and simulated Internet Protocol communications, cloud-based computing, inexpensive measurement hardware, and state-of-the-art secure IoT protocols. It is shown that a real-time, model-informed, demand-response system utilising wide-area Phasor measurement unit (PMU) data is cost effective and feasible.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was funded, in part, by; the InvestNI funded Centre for Advanced Sustainable Energy (CASE), ‘DINOSAURS’ project; and, by the British Council Newton Fund project ‘TIIWAM’. David Laverty has also received support from the EPSRC ‘CAPRICA’ (EP/M002837/1) and NCSC ‘COSMIC’ projects.
© 2021 The Authors. IET Smart Grid published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Institution of Engineering and Technology.
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Information Systems
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering