Have companies improved their health and safety approaches over the last decade? A longitudinal study

Sybil Geldart, Harry S Shannon, Lynne Lohfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Workplace level health and safety (H&S) policies, practices, and attitudes were compared longitudinally in 120 manufacturing firms.

METHODS: A mailed questionnaire for worker and management representatives in the sampled worksites was first completed in 1990 [Shannon et al. (1996) Am J Ind Med 29:258-268]. Workplaces that were still in business in 2001 were re-surveyed to assess change over time in key variables previously found to be related to lost-time injury (LTI) rates.

RESULTS: Several variables differed between 1990 and 2001, e.g., increase in safety training, lower turnover rate, and more management involvement in H&S. Other variables previously associated with higher LTI rates also were more prevalent in 2001: more work stoppages for H&S issues, greater perception of risk from hazards, and an increase in workers' lobbying management for H&S improvements.

CONCLUSIONS: There appears to be greater awareness of H&S issues today, and a movement to upper management becoming more involved in H&S and delegating less authority to individual workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-36
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005


  • Accidents, Occupational
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Occupational Health
  • Ontario
  • Organizational Policy
  • Personnel Turnover
  • Safety Management
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Workplace
  • Comparative Study
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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