Heart failure family-based education: a systematic review

Nittaya Srisuk, Jan Cameron*, Chantal F. Ski, David R. Thompson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To systematically review evidence for the efficacy of family-based education for heart failure (HF) patients and carers.

Method: A systematic review was conducted. Databases CINAHL, MEDLINE Complete, Cochrane, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Scopus were searched between 1 January 2005 and 1 May 2015. Randomised controlled trials included HF patient and carer dyads or carers alone. The primary outcome was HF knowledge. Secondary outcomes included self-care behaviour, dietary and treatment adherence, quality of life, depression, perceived control, hospital readmissions, and carer burden.

Result: Six trials reported in nine papers were included. Wide variation in the quality of the studies was found. Two studies only examined HF knowledge; a significant improvement among patients and carers was reported. Other significant findings were enhanced patient self-care, boosted dietary and treatment adherence, enriched patient quality of life, improved perceived control among patients but not carers, and reduced carer burden.

Conclusion: Modest evidence was found for family-based education among HF patients and carers. Methodological shortcomings of trials signify the need for empirically sound future research. Practice implication: Family-based HF education needs to include strategies that are tailored to the HF patient and carer, and sustainable in nature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-338
Number of pages13
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Volume99
Issue number3
Early online date22 Oct 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Education
  • Family-based
  • Heart failure
  • Randomised controlled trials
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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