High current, high energy proton beams accelerated by a sub-nanosecond laser

D. Margarone*, J. Krasa, A. Picciotto, L. Torrisi, L. Laska, A. Velyhan, J. Prokupek, L. Ryc, P. Parys, J. Ullschmied, B. Rus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The sub-nanosecond laser system available at PALS facility in Prague has been used in order to produce MeV proton beams with typical current density approaching 1 A/cm2 at few tens of centimeters from the target surface. In spite of the relatively long pulse duration (0.3 ns) and low intensity (∼1016 W/cm2), far away from the forefront laser facilities used for advanced proton beam acceleration in the recent years (from tens of femtoseconds to few picoseconds), the obtained results are promising both in terms of maximum proton energy and fast proton current. Real-time diagnostics systems, mainly in time-of-flight (TOF) configuration, have been used in order to estimate maximum and peak energy of the plasma fast proton component, peak current density, total number of fast protons and conversion efficiency of laser energy into accelerated fast proton total energy. Optimization of the maximum attainable proton energy and current has been carried out by irradiating targets of different composition as well as varying the laser energy and the focal spot diameter. Experimental results, as well as possible applications in material science and nuclear physics, are discussed and compared with literature data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-163
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was partially supported by the IAA 100100715 Grant Agency of the ASCR , Czech Science Foundation and ELI-PP project .

Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • High ion current
  • Laser-acceleration
  • Proton beam
  • Proton energy distribution
  • Time-of-flight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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