High energy implementation of coil-target scheme for guided re-acceleration of laser-driven protons

Hamad Ahmed, Prokopis Hadjisolomou, Kealan Naughton, Aaron Alejo, Stephanie Brauckmann, Giada Cantono, Simon Ferguson, Mirela Cerchez, Domenico Doria, James Green, Deborah Gwynne, Thomas Hodge, Deepak Kumar, Andrea Macchi, Rajendra Prasad, Oswald Willi, Marco Borghesi, Satyabrata Kar

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Developing compact ion accelerators using intense lasers is a very active area of research, motivated by a strong applicative potential in science, industry and healthcare. However, proposed applications in medical therapy, as well as in nuclear and particle physics demand a strict control of ion energy, as well as of the angular and spectral distribution of ion beam, beyond the intrinsic limitations of the several acceleration mechanisms explored so far. Here we report on the production of highly collimated ($$\sim 0.2^{\circ }$$∼0.2∘half angle divergence), high-charge (10s of pC) and quasi-monoenergetic proton beams up to $$\sim$$∼50 MeV, using a recently developed method based on helical coil targetry. In this concept, ions accelerated from a laser-irradiated foil are post-accelerated and conditioned in a helical structure positioned at the rear of the foil. The pencil beam of protons was produced by guided post-acceleration at a rate of $$\sim$$∼2 GeV/m, without sacrificing the excellent beam emittance of the laser-driven proton beams. 3D particle tracing simulations indicate the possibility of sustaining high acceleration gradients over extended helical coil lengths, thus maximising the gain from such miniature accelerating modules.
Original languageEnglish
Article number669
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2021


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