Higher-order theories of gravity: diagnosis, extraction and reformulation via non-metric extra degrees of freedom—a review

Alessio Belenchia*, Marco Letizia, Eolo di Casola, Stefano Liberati

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Modifications of Einstein's theory of gravitation have been extensively considered in the past years, in connection to both cosmology and quantum gravity. Higher-curvature and higher-derivative gravity theories constitute the main examples of such modifications. These theories exhibit, in general, more degrees of freedom than those found in standard general relativity; counting, identifying, and retrieving the description/representation of such dynamical variables is currently an open problem, and a decidedly nontrivial one. In this work we review, via both formal arguments and custom-made examples, the most relevant methods to unveil the gravitational degrees of freedom of a given model, discussing the merits, subtleties and pitfalls of the various approaches.
Original languageEnglish
JournalReports on Progress in Physics
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • gravitation
  • higher derivative theories

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