Highly sensitive determination of endocrine disrupting chemicals in foodstuffs through magnetic solid‐phase extraction followed by high‐performance liquid chromatography‐tandem mass spectrometry

Jianghua Liu, Di Wu, Yanxin Yu, Jichao Liu, Guoliang Li, Yongning Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), proved to be potential carcinogenic threats to human health, have received great concerns in food field. It was essential to develop effective methods to detect EDCs in food samples. The present study proposed an efficient method to determine trace EDCs including estrone (E1), 17β-estradiol (E2), estriol (E3) and bisphenol A (BPA) based on magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) coupled high-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) in meat samples.

RESULTS
Fe3O4@COF(TpBD)/TiO2 nanocomposites were synthesized via functionalization of magnetic covalent organic frameworks (COFs) with titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles, and used as absorbents of MSPE to enrich EDCs. The efficient EDCs enrichment relies on π–π stacking interaction, hydrogen bonding, and the interaction between titanium ions (IV, Ti4+) and hydroxyl groups in EDCs, which improves the selectivity and sensitivity. Under the optimized conditions, target EDCs were rapidly extracted through MSPE with 5 min. Combining Fe3O4@COF(TpBD)/TiO2 based MSPE and HPLC-MS/MS to determine EDCs, good linearities were observed with correlation coefficient (R2) ≥ 0.9989. The limits of detection (LODs) and limits of quantification (LOQs) were 0.13–0.41 μg kg−1 and 0.66–1.49 μg kg−1, respectively. Moreover, the proposed method was successfully applied to real samples analysis.

CONCLUSIONS
The established MSPE-HPLC-MS/MS method was successfully applied to determine EDCs in meat samples with rapidness, improved selectivity and sensitivity. It shows great prospects for EDCs detection in other complicated matrices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1666-1675
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume101
Issue number4
Early online date05 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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