Hot Electrons Transverse Refluxing in Ultraintense Laser-Solid Interactions

S. Buffechoux, J. Psikal, M. Nakatsutsumi, L. Romagnani, A. Andreev, K. Zeil, M. Amin, P. Antici, T. Burris-Mog, A. Compant-La-Fontaine, E. D'Humieres, S. Fourmaux, S. Gaillard, F. Gobet, F. Hannachi, S. Kraft, A. Mancic, C. Plaisir, G. Sarri, M. TarisienT. Toncian, U. Schramm, M. Tampo, P. Audebert, O. Willi, T.E. Cowan, H. Pepin, V. Tikhonchuk, M. Borghesi, J. Fuchs

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96 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

We have analyzed the coupling of ultraintense lasers (at similar to 2 X 1019 W/cm(2)) with solid foils of limited transverse extent (similar to 10 s of mu m) by monitoring the electrons and ions emitted from the target. We observe that reducing the target surface area allows electrons at the target surface to be reflected from the target edges during or shortly after the laser pulse. This transverse refluxing can maintain a hotter, denser and more homogeneous electron sheath around the target for a longer time. Consequently, when transverse refluxing takes places within the acceleration time of associated ions, we observe increased maximum proton energies (up to threefold), increased laser-to-ion conversion efficiency (up to a factor 30), and reduced divergence which bodes well for a number of applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number015005
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume105
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02 Jul 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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