How students’ ability levels influence the relevance and accuracy of their feedback to peers: A case study

Ivan Chong*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Traditionally, teachers play a central role in creating a learning environment that favors the implementation of peer assessment in writing. Nevertheless, students’ writing ability and how it factors into students’ provision of relevant (content-related) and accurate (language-related) written feedback is not considered. This is due to the fact that most studies about peer assessment were conducted in a tertiary setting and researchers assume university students have attained a basic level of cognitive and linguistic developments that would empower them to make judgments about their peers’ work. The present study, which was conducted in a Hong Kong secondary school, investigated this research gap by analyzing first drafts produced by a class of 16 Secondary 1 (Grade 7) students in a writing unit. The first section of the study reports students’ writing abilities in terms of content development and linguistic accuracy; findings in the subsequent section suggest that there is a strong and positive relationship between students’ writing abilities and the relevance and accuracy of their written feedback. This paper ends with two pedagogical implications for implementing peer assessment: Alignment with pre-writing instruction and the development of marking focuses based on students’ abilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-23
Number of pages11
JournalAssessing Writing
Early online date25 Jul 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017


  • Assessment
  • Peer assessment
  • Second language writing
  • Writing ability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language


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