HPLC Determination of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Activity on Toyopearl HW-40S Column

Gongrui Chen, Shutao Liu, Tianbao Chen, Pingfan Rao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Angiotensin-converting enzyme (EC3.4.15. I; ACE), isa membrane-bounddipeptidyl carboxypeptidase that mediates the cleavage of the C-terminal dipeptide His-Leu of the decapeptide angiotensin, generating the most powerful endogenous vaso-constricting angiotensin.
Some ACE inhibitors, such as Captopril, have been used as anti-hypertensive drugs. Moreover in recent years, large quantities of ACE inhibitors have been identijied and isolated from peptides derivedfrom food material such as casein, soy protein, jish protein and so on. Functional food with hypotensive effect has been developed on the basis of these works.
Typicalprocedures for screening hypotensive peptides offood origins are separationof products of peptic and tryptic digestion of proteins followed by inhibitory activitydetermination of each fraction. A method developed by Cushman has been the mostwidely used, in which ACE activity is determined by the amount of hippuric acid
generated as a product of enzymatic reaction of ACE with tripeptide of hippuryl-Lhistidyl-L-leucine. Hippuric acid is determined spectrophotometrically at 228 nm after its isolation from the reaction system by ethylacetate extraction, which not only requires alarge quantity of reagent but also results in large error.
An improved method based on Cushman ’s method is proposed in this paper. In this method, an enzymatic reaction system is based on Cushman’s method, while isolation and determination of hippuric acid is performed by medium perjormance gel chromatography on a Toyopearl HW-40s column. Due to the size exclusion nature of the column with somewhat hydrophobic properties, complete separation of four existing fractions in the reaction system is obtained within a smallfraction of the time necessary in Cushman’s method, with ideal reproducibility.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication Food for Health in the Pacific Rim: 3rd International Conference of Food Science and Technology
PublisherFood & Nutrition Press, Inc.
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • angiotensin-converting enzyme;hippuric acid; chromatography; phosphate; gel filtration properties


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