Hydrogen Emission in Type II White-light Solar Flares

Ondřej Procházka, Aaron Reid, Michail Mathioudakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
69 Downloads (Pure)


Type II WLFs have weak Balmer line emission and no Balmer jump. We carried out a set of radiative hydrodynamic simulations to understand how the hydrogen radiative losses vary with the electron beam parameters and more specifically with the low energy cutoff. Our results have revealed that for low energy beams, the excess flare Lyman emission diminishes with increasing low energy cutoff as the energy deposited into the top chromosphere is low compared to the energy deposited into the deeper layers. Some Balmer excess emission is always present and is driven primarily by direct heating from the beam with a minor contribution from Lyman continuum backwarming. The absence of Lyman excess emission in electron beam models with high low energy cutoff is a prominent spectral signature of type II WLFs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Early online date06 Sep 2019
Publication statusEarly online date - 06 Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

7 pages


  • astro-ph.SR


Dive into the research topics of 'Hydrogen Emission in Type II White-light Solar Flares'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this