Hydrogen generation from biomass by pyrolysis

Gartzen Lopez*, Laura Santamaria, Angeliki Lemonidou, Shuming Zhang, Chunfei Wu, Ayesha T. Sipra, Ningbo Gao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The growing environmental concerns associated with global warming along with the exponential rise in energy demand are boosting the production of clean energy. The combined process of biomass pyrolysis and in-line catalytic steam reforming is a promising alternative for the selective production of hydrogen from renewable sources. This Primer provides a general overview of the fundamental aspects that influence the hydrogen production potential of the process. Recent research studies and their main findings are highlighted. The current challenges and limitations of the process and ways to optimize the biomass-derived products of steam reforming are discussed. Finally, we evaluate progress toward the industrial scalability of the process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20
JournalNature Reviews Methods Primers
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was carried out with the financial support of grants RTI2018-101678-B-I00, RTI2018-098283-J-I00 and PID2019-107357RB-I00 funded by MCIN/AEI/ 10.13039/501100011033 and by “ERDF: A way of making Europe” and the grants IT1218-19 and KK-2020/00107 funded by the Basque government. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement 823745.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, Springer Nature Limited.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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