Hydrogen spillover-bridged Volmer/Tafel processes enabling ampere-level current density alkaline hydrogen evolution reaction under low overpotential

Huai Qin Fu, Min Zhou, Peng Fei Liu, Porun Liu, Huajie Yin, Kai Zhi Sun, Hua Gui Yang, Mohammad Al-Mamun, Peijun Hu, Hai-Feng Wang, Huijun Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

189 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water-alkaline electrolysis holds a great promise for industry-scale hydrogen production but is hindered by the lack of enabling hydrogen evolution reaction electrocatalysts to operate at ampere-level current densities under low overpotentials. Here, we report the use of hydrogen spillover-bridged water dissociation/hydrogen formation processes occurring at the synergistically hybridized Ni3S2/Cr2S3 sites to incapacitate the inhibition effect of high-current-density-induced high hydrogen coverage at the water dissociation site and concurrently promote Volmer/Tafel processes. The mechanistic insights critically important to enable ampere-level current density operation are depicted from the experimental and theoretical studies. The Volmer process is drastically boosted by the strong H2O adsorption at Cr5c sites of Cr2S3, the efficient H2O* dissociation via a heterolytic cleavage process (Cr5c-H2O* + S3c(#) → Cr5c-OH* + S3c-H#) on the Cr5c/S3c sites in Cr2S3, and the rapid desorption of OH* from Cr5c sites of Cr2S3via a new water-assisted desorption mechanism (Cr5c-OH* + H2O(aq) → Cr5c-H2O* + OH–(aq)), while the efficient Tafel process is achieved through hydrogen spillover to rapidly transfer H# from the synergistically located H-rich site (Cr2S3) to the H-deficient site (Ni3S2) with excellent hydrogen formation activity. As a result, the hybridized Ni3S2/Cr2S3 electrocatalyst can readily achieve a current density of 3.5 A cm–2 under an overpotential of 251 ± 3 mV in 1.0 M KOH electrolyte. The concept exemplified in this work provides a useful means to address the shortfalls of ampere-level current-density-tolerant Hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalysts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6028-6039
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume144
Early online date18 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • General Chemistry
  • Catalysis

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