Hydrophobic deep eutectic solvents

Emily L. Byrne, Mark Gilmore, Leila Moura, Małgorzata Swadźba-Kwaśny, John D. Holbrey*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


Hydrophobic deep eutectic solvents combine the typical, desirable features of deep eutectic solvents; inexpensive, benign, often naturally occurring components with high hydrogen bond-forming tendencies with hydrophobicity; and the ability to form biphases with water. This implies an intrinsically challenging design, where hydrophobicity is obtained in mixtures of components that can form hydrogen bonds and so have hydrophilic tendencies. Moreover, this is usually achieved without resorting to the use of expensive perfluorinated components. This chapter outlines design strategies of hydrophobic deep eutectic solvents, followed by an overview of the key applications as extraction media for organic molecules from fermentation broths and wastewater streams, metal ions from aqueous media, and other uses including microextraction for analysis and CO2 capture.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDeep eutectic solvents for medicine, gas solubilization and extraction of natural substances
EditorsSophie Fourmentin, Margarida Costa Gomes, Erich Lichtfouse
PublisherSpringer Cham
ISBN (Electronic)9783030530693
ISBN (Print)9783030530686
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2020

Publication series

NameEnvironmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World
ISSN (Print)2213-7114
ISSN (Electronic)2213-7122


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