Hydroxyapatite Coatings on High Nitrogen Stainless Steel by Laser Rapid Manufacturing

Ashish Das, Mukul Shukla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)
184 Downloads (Pure)


In this research, the laser rapid manufacturing (LRM) additive manufacturing process was used to deposit multifunctional hydroxyapatite (HAP) coatingson high nitrogen stainless steel. LRM overcomes the limitations of conventional coating processes by producing coatings with metallurgical bond,osseointegration, and infection inhibition properties. The microstructure,microhardness, antibacterial efficacy, and bioactivity of the coatings we reinvestigated. The microstructure studies established that the coatings consist of austenite dendrites with HAP and some reaction products primarily occurring in the inter-dendritic regions. A Vickers microhardness test confirmed the hardness values of deposited HAP coatings to be higher than those of the bare 254SS samples, while a fluorescence activated cell sorting testconfirmed their superior antibacterial properties as compared with pristine samples. The coated samples immersed in simulated body fluid showed rapid apatite forming ability. The results obtained in this research signify the potential application of the LRM process in synthesizing multifunctional orthopaedic coatings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
JournalJOM-Journal of the Minerals Metals & Materials Society
Early online date28 Aug 2017
Publication statusEarly online date - 28 Aug 2017

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