Identification of benzimidazole resistance in Cladobotryum dendroides using a PCR-based method

G.J. McKay, D. Egan, E. Morris, A.E. Brown

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54 Citations (Scopus)


Cladobotryutn dendroides, causal agent of cobweb disease of Agaricus bisporus, has become increasingly resistant to methylbenzimidazole carbamate (MBC) fungicides following the extensive use of MBC in cultivated mushroom production in Ireland. Of 38 isolates of C. dendroides obtained from Irish mushroom units, 34 were resistant to carbendazim. Primers based on conserved regions of the -tubulin gene were used to amplify and sequence a portion of the -tubulin gene in C. dendroides. A point mutation was detected at codon 50 in isolates resistant to benzimidazole fungicides, causing an amino acid substitution from tyrosine to cysteine. Species-specific PCR primers were designed to amplify the region of the -tubulin gene containing this substitution. The point mutation removed an Ace I restriction site in the -tubulin gene sequence of resistant isolates. Digestion of the PCR product with Ace I thus provides a rapid diagnostic test to differentiate sensitive and resistant isolates of this fungus. EMBL accession number: YI2256.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-676
Number of pages6
JournalMycological Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 1998

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