Identifying Those at Risk of Glaucoma: A Deep Learning Approach for Optic Disc and Cup Segmentation and Their Boundary Analysis

Jongwoo Kim*, Loc Tran, Tunde Peto, Emily Y. Chew

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Glaucoma is a leading cause of irreversible vision loss that gradually damages the optic nerve. In ophthalmic fundus images, measurements of the cup to optic disc (CD) ratio, CD area ratio, neuroretinal rim to optic disc (RD) area ratio, and rim thickness are key measures to screen for potential glaucomatous damage. We propose an automatic method using deep learning algorithms to segment the optic disc and cup and to estimate the key measures. The proposed method comprises three steps: The Region of Interest (ROI) (location of the optic disc) detection from a fundus image using Mask R-CNN, the optic disc and cup segmentation from the ROI using the proposed Multiscale Average Pooling Net (MAPNet), and the estimation of the key measures. Our segmentation results using 1099 fundus images show 0.9381 Jaccard Index (JI) and 0.9679 Dice Coefficient (DC) for the optic disc and 0.8222 JI and 0.8996 DC for the cup. The average CD, CD area, and RD ratio errors are 0.0451, 0.0376, and 0.0376, respectively. The average disc, cup, and rim radius ratio errors are 0.0500, 0.2257, and 0.2166, respectively. Our method performs well in estimating the key measures and shows potential to work within clinical pathways once fully implemented.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1063
JournalDiagnostics
Volume12
Issue number5
Early online date24 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 24 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • glaucoma
  • fundus image
  • optic disc
  • cup
  • neuroretinal rim
  • segmentation
  • fully convolutional network (FCN)
  • mask R-CNN
  • MAPNet

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