PURPOSE: IGFBP7 belongs to a family of insulin-like growth factor-1 regulatory binding proteins. IGFBP7 hypermethylation is associated with its down-regulation in various carcinomas. In prostate cancer IGFBP7 down-regulation has been widely reported but to our knowledge the mechanisms behind this event are unknown. We performed a denaturing high performance liquid chromatography screening and validation strategy to profile the methylation status of IGFBP7 in prostate cancer.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We combined denaturing high performance liquid chromatography and bisulfite sequencing to examine IGFBP7 methylation in a panel of prostate cancer cell lines. Quantitative methylation specific polymerase chain reaction was used to determine methylation levels in prostate tissue specimens of primary prostate cancer, histologically benign prostate adjacent to tumor, high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and benign prostatic hyperplasia. IGFBP7 gene expression was measured by quantitative methylation specific polymerase chain reaction in cell lines and tissue specimens.
RESULTS: IGFBP7 was methylated in the 4 prostate cancer cell lines DU145, LNCaP, PC-3 and 22RV1. Quantitative methylation specific polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that promoter methylation was associated with decreased IGFBP7 expression. Quantitative methylation specific polymerase chain reaction showed that IGFBP7 methylation was more frequently detected in prostate cancer (60% (31/52)) and high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (40% (6/15)) samples compared to histologically benign prostate adjacent to tumor (10%) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (0%) samples.
CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge this is the first report of aberrant IGFBP7 promoter hypermethylation and concurrent IGFBP7 gene silencing in prostate cancer cell lines. Results demonstrate that CpG methylation of IGFBP7 may represent a novel biomarker of prostate cancer and pre-invasive neoplasms. Thus, future examination of IGFBP7 methylation and expression in a larger patient cohort, including bodily fluids, is justified to further evaluate its role in a diagnostic and prognostic setting.
Bibliographical noteCopyright © 2012 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
- DNA Methylation
- Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
- Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins
- Middle Aged
- Prostatic Neoplasms
- Tumor Cells, Cultured