IHG-1 amplifies TGF-beta1 signaling and is increased in renal fibrosis

Madeline Murphy, Neil G Docherty, Brenda Griffin, Jillian Howlin, Emmett McArdle, Ruth McMahon, Holger Schmid, Matthias Kretzler, Alejandra Droguett, Sergio Mezzano, Hugh R Brady, Fiona Furlong, Catherine Godson, Finian Martin

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44 Citations (Scopus)


Induced in high glucose-1 (IHG-1) is an evolutionarily conserved gene transcript upregulated by high extracellular glucose concentrations, but its function is unknown. Here, it is reported that the abundance of IHG-1 mRNA is nearly 10-fold higher in microdissected, tubule-rich renal biopsies from patients with diabetic nephropathy compared with control subjects. In the diabetic nephropathy specimens, in situ hybridization localized IHG-1 to tubular epithelial cells along with TGF-beta1 and activated Smad3, suggesting a possible role in the development of tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Supporting this possibility, IHG-1 mRNA and protein expression also increased with unilateral ureteral obstruction. In the HK-2 proximal tubule cell line, overexpression of IHG-1 increased TGF-beta1-stimulated expression of connective tissue growth factor and fibronectin. IHG-1 was found to amplify TGF-beta1-mediated transcriptional activity by increasing and prolonging phosphorylation of Smad3. Conversely, inhibition of endogenous IHG-1 with small interference RNA suppressed transcriptional responses to TGF-beta1. In summary, IHG-1, which increases in diabetic nephropathy, may enhance the actions of TGF-beta1 and contribute to the development of tubulointerstitial fibrosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1672-80
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Nephrology

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