IMAGING OF SURFACE-PLASMON LAUNCH AND PROPAGATION USING A PHOTON SCANNING TUNNELING MICROSCOPE

P DAWSON*, KW SMITH, F DEFORNEL, JP GOUDONNET

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The spectroscopic capability of the photon scanning tunneling microscope is exploited to study directly the launch and propagation of surface plasmons on thin silver films. Two input beams, of different wavelength, are incident through the prism in a prism-Ag film-air-fibre tip system. Both excite surface plasmons at the Ag-air interface and light of both wavelengths is coupled into the fibre probe via the respective surface plasmon evanescent fields. One laser beam is used for instrument control. The second, or probe beam is tightly focused on the sample, within the area of the unfocused or control beam, giving a well-defined and symmetrical, confined surface plasmon launch site. However, the image at the probe wavelength is highly asymmetrical in section with an exponential tail extending beyond one side of the launch site. This demonstrates in a very direct fashion;the propagation of surface plasmons; a propagation length of similar to 11.7 mu m is measured at a probe wavelength of 543.5 nm. On rough Ag films the excitation of localised scattering centres is also observed in addition to the launch of delocalised surface plasmons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-292
Number of pages6
JournalUltramicroscopy
Volume57
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1995
Event2nd International Conference on Near-Field Optics - RALEIGH, New Caledonia
Duration: 01 Oct 1993 → …

Keywords

  • SILVER FILM
  • FIELD

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