Immediately loaded single-implant mandibular overdentures compared to conventional complete dentures: A cost-effectiveness analysis

Túlio Eduardo Nogueira, Jesio Rodrigues Silva, Lays Noleto Nascimento, Joyce Borges Cardoso, Murali Srinivasan, Gerald McKenna, Claudio Rodrigues Leles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background
In recent years, the single-implant mandibular overdenture (SIMO) has been proposed as an alternative to more complex overdenture designs as a simplified implant intervention for edentulous patients.

Objective
The aim of this study was to run a cost-effectiveness analysis alongside a randomized clinical trial comparing the SIMO and the conventional complete denture (CCD) treatment. Imediately loaded external hexagon implant and ball attachment were used for the overdenture goup. Direct costs related to therapies were identified and valuated throughout a 1-year period after delivery, in Brazilian currency (R$) and converted into international dollars (I$) using purchase power parity exchange rates. Treatment effectiveness was measured using the OHIP-Edent and satisfaction scores for calculation of incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER).

Results
Outcomes were assessed at the 1-year follow-up for 65 patients (CCD=34; SIMO=31). Overall OHIP-Edent and satisfaction scores improved significantly in the SIMO group, while remained unchanged in the CCD group. The mean overall costs were R$1,179.04 (I$590.99) for the CCD group and R$2,127.91 (I$1,068.20) for the SIMO group – 80.7% incremental cost for SIMO. The ICER calculation for SIMO treatment showed a mean cost of I$48.20 for 1-point reduction in OHIP-Edent scores, and I$12.56 for 1-point increase in satisfaction score.

Conclusions
Findings support the effectiveness of this simplified and low-cost implant intervention for edentulous patients. SIMO also seems a cost-effective alternative to the CCD and the relatively low incremental cost may potentially increase the utilization of dental implants among older subjects, especially those with limited financial resources.

Clinical significance
The immediately loaded single-implant mandibular overdenture was superior to the conventional complete denture in terms of patient-reported outcome measures at a low incremental cost.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103846
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Volume115
Early online date09 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

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