Immunochemical characterization of a polysaccharide antigen of Bacteroides fragilis with an IgM monoclonal antibody

J H Reid, S Patrick, S Tabaqchali

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Abstract

An IgM mouse monoclonal antibody (McAb) Bf4 was produced to a surface polysaccharide of Bacteroides fragilis NCTC 9343. Immunoblotting showed that McAb Bf4 reacted strongly with a high molecular mass structure which was sensitive to oxidation with periodate but resisted protease treatment. An inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) indicated that McAb Bf4 did not cross react with the sixteen Bacteroides species and strains tested. Cells of B. fragilis NCTC 9343 recovered from the various interfaces of a Percoll discontinuous density gradient were tested in the inhibition ELISA. Bacteria from the 0-20%, 20-40% and 40-60% interfaces inhibited the ELISA; however, cells from the 60-80% interface did not. Electron microscopy with immunogold labelling showed that McAb Bf4 did not react with the extracellular fibrous network on bacteria recovered from the 0-20% interface, or the extracellular electron dense layer on cells from the 60-80% interface; however, it was associated with a surface structure on cells from the 20-40% interface. Growth in vivo did not enrich for bacteria with this structure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of General Microbiology
Volume133
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1987

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