IMMUNOCYTOCHEMICAL DEMONSTRATION OF NEUROPEPTIDES IN THE CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM OF THE ROUNDWORM, ASCARIS-SUUM (NEMATODA, ASCAROIDEA)

D.J.A. Brownlee, Ian Fairweather, C.F. Johnston, D. Smart, Christopher Shaw, D W Halton

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Abstract

The localization and distribution of neuropeptides in the central nervous system of the pig roundworm, Ascaris suum, have been determined by an indirect immunofluorescence technique in conjunction with confocal microscopy. Antisera to 25 vertebrate peptides and two invertebrate peptides were used to screen the worm for immunoreactivity (IR). Immunostaining was obtained with antisera to pancreatic polypeptide (PP), peptide YY (PYY), neuropeptide Y (NPY), gastrin, cholecystokinin (CCK), substance P (SP), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), salmon gonadotropin-releasing hormone (SGnRH), mammalian gonadotropin-releasing hormone (MGnRH), chromogranin A (CGA) and FMRFamide. The most extensive patterns of IR occurred with antisera to PYY, FMRFamide and gastrin. IR was evident in nerve cells and fibres in the ganglia associated with the anterior nerve ring and in the main nerve cords and their commissures; IR to FMRFamide also occurred in the posterior nerve ring. Immunostaining for the other peptides was confined to the nerve cords, with the number of immunoreactive nerve fibres varying from peptide to peptide.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-316
Number of pages12
JournalParasitology
Volume106
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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