IMMUNOCYTOCHEMICAL LOCALIZATION OF SEROTONIN (5-HT) IN THE NERVOUS-SYSTEM OF THE HYDATID ORGANISM, ECHINOCOCCUS-GRANULOSUS (CESTODA, CYCLOPHYLLIDEA)

D.J.A. Brownlee, Ian Fairweather, C.F. Johnston, M.T. Rogan

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Abstract

The localization and distribution of the serotoninergic components of the nervous system in the hydatid organism, Echinococcus granulosus, were determined by immunocytochemical techniques in conjunction with confocal scanning laser microscopy (CSLM). The distribution of serotonin immunoreactivity (IR) paralleled that previously described for cholinesterase activity, although it was more widespread. Nerve cell bodies and nerve fibres immunoreactive for 5-HT were present throughout the central nervous system (CNS), occurring in the paired lateral, posterior lateral and rostellar ganglia, their connecting commissures and nerve rings in the scolex and in the ten longitudinal nerve cords that run posteriorly throughout the body of the worm. A large population of nerve cell bodies was associated with the lateral nerve cords. In the peripheral nervous system (PNS), immunoreactive nerve fibres occurred in well-developed nerve plexuses innervating the somatic musculature and the musculature of the rostellum and suckers. The genital atrium and associated reproductive ducts were richly innervated with serotoninergic nerve cell bodies and nerve fibres.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-241
Number of pages9
JournalParasitology
Volume109
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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