Immunological variants of the aerobactin-cloacin DF13 outer membrane protein receptor IutA among enteric bacteria

A Bouchet, M A Valvano, M Dho-Moulin, D Le Roy, A Andremont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mouse monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were generated against a 76-kDa IutA receptor of pathogenic avian Escherichia coli 15972. Six of the eight IutA-specific MAbs isolated (AB1 to AB6) were shown to be directed toward membrane-exposed conformational epitopes, although they did not interfere with the uptake of ferric aerobactin and cloacin DF13 as assessed by competition experiments with purified ligands. The two remaining IutA MAbs (AB9 and AB10) recognized linear epitopes buried in the IutA molecule. The panel of IutA MAbs was used to characterize IutA variants occurring in strains of E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter spp., and Shigella spp., resulting in the identification of four immunological groups of IutAs. MAb AB9 defined an epitope conserved in all IutA variants. In addition, the panel of IutA MAbs served to identify the presence of IutA in wild-type bacteria grown in the presence of diphenylamine to reduce the expression of O-specific polysaccharide.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3017-21
Number of pages5
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume62
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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